Financial Terms / treasury bond

Treasury Bonds Explained

Treasury bonds are a secure and reliable way to invest in the US economy, with a fixed interest rate and the option to sell before maturity. Plus, U.S. savings bonds come in a variety of forms, giving you plenty of options!


(Par Value - Face Value) / Maturity period x 100

How do I calculate the treasury bond?

Calculating the return of a Treasury bill is a simple process that requires a few basic mathematical calculations. To calculate the return of a Treasury bill, you need to compare the par value to the face value and the maturity period. The formula for calculating the return of a Treasury bill is: (Par Value - Face Value) / Maturity period x 100. This calculation can be easily performed in a spreadsheet program such as Sourcetable.

What is a Treasury Bond?

A Treasury bond (T-bond) is a government debt security issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury with a maturity of more than 10 years. Treasury bonds pay interest to the bondholder every six months until maturity, at which point the face value of the bond is paid back to the bondholder.

Why are Treasury Bonds Important?

Treasury bonds are considered one of the safest investments because they are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. They are used by investors for long-term investment goals and by the government to fund its operations and projects. The yield on Treasury bonds also serves as a benchmark for interest rates in the financial markets.

How Do Treasury Bonds Work?

Investors buy Treasury bonds at auction, either at face value or at a discount. The bonds pay interest every six months until they mature. At maturity, the investor receives the face value of the bond. The difference between the purchase price and the face value represents the investor's return on investment.

What Determines the Price of a Treasury Bond?

The price of a Treasury bond is determined by several factors, including the interest rate environment, the creditworthiness of the U.S. government, and the time to maturity. When interest rates rise, the price of existing bonds falls because new bonds are issued with higher yields. Conversely, when interest rates fall, the price of existing bonds rises.

Can Treasury Bonds be Sold Before Maturity?

Yes, Treasury bonds can be sold before maturity in the secondary market. The price a bond fetches in the secondary market may be more or less than its face value, depending on interest rates and the remaining time to maturity.

Key Points

How do I calculate treasury bond?
(Par Value - Face Value) / Maturity period x 100
Treasury Bonds are Government-Issued
Treasury bonds are issued by the U.S. government and provide a source of fixed income for investors. These bonds are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, making them a safe, secure investment.
Maturity of 20 and 30 Years
Treasury bonds have standard maturities of either 20 or 30 years. This allows investors to get the benefit of a fixed, long-term income stream without having to reinvest their money into a new bond every time it matures.
Regularly Auctioned
Treasury bonds are auctioned on the U.S. Treasury's website regularly. This provides an easy way for investors to purchase Treasury bonds in a competitive and transparent marketplace.
Actively Traded in the Secondary Market
Treasury bonds are actively traded in the secondary market, providing investors with the ability to buy and sell their bonds quickly and efficiently. This makes it easy to make money from trading Treasury bonds, as well as providing investors with liquidity.

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