Financial Terms / stock

Stocks Explained

A stock represents a share in the ownership of a company and constitutes a claim on part of the company's assets and earnings.


(Stock Value/Portfolio Value) * 100

How do I calculate the stock?

It is important to understand how to calculate stock weights in order to accurately assess a stock's effect on a portfolio. The formula for calculating stock weights is (Stock Value/Portfolio Value) * 100. To calculate the stock weight, one must first take the value of the stock and divide it by the total value of the portfolio. The result of this calculation should be multiplied by 100 to get the stock weight. Sourcetable is a great tool to use when calculating stock weights.

What are Stocks?

Stocks represent ownership in a corporation and constitute a claim on part of the corporation's assets and earnings. There are two main types of stock: common and preferred. Stockholders, also known as shareholders, can profit from stocks through capital gains and dividends.

Why are Stocks Important?

Stocks are important because they allow companies to raise capital to grow and expand. For investors, stocks offer the potential for profit if the company does well and the price of the stock increases. They also often come with voting rights, allowing shareholders to have a say in the company's decisions.

What are the Different Types of Stocks?

There are two main types of stocks: common and preferred. Common stock usually carries voting rights and may pay dividends, but they are last in line to claim any remaining assets if the company is liquidated. Preferred stock typically doesn't have voting rights, but they have a higher claim on dividends and assets in the event of liquidation.

How Do I Invest in Stocks?

Investing in stocks typically involves opening a brokerage account, which allows you to buy and sell stocks on various exchanges. It's important to research and understand the stocks you're investing in, as all investments carry some level of risk. Diversification, or spreading your investments across a variety of stocks, is a common strategy to manage risk.

What are the Risks Associated with Investing in Stocks?

Investing in stocks involves risks, including the potential loss of the money you invest. The price of stocks can fluctuate based on a variety of factors, including the financial health of the company, market conditions, and broader economic factors. Some stocks may be more volatile and carry a higher level of risk than others.

Key Points

How do I calculate stock?
(Stock Value/Portfolio Value) * 100
Stocks Can Be Split
Companies can decide to split their stock, which increases the number of shares while proportionally decreasing the price of each share. This does not change the company's overall market value. Companies often do this to make the stock more affordable to small investors.
Stocks Can Be Classified
Some companies issue different classes of stock, each with different voting rights. This allows the company to raise capital through stock sales without diluting the voting power of the existing owners. Google, for example, has Class A, B, and C shares.
Stocks Can Pay Dividends
Many companies distribute a portion of their earnings back to shareholders in the form of dividends. Dividend payments can provide a steady income stream for investors and are a sign of a company's financial health.
Stocks Can Be Bought on Margin
Investors can borrow money to buy more stock than they could afford on their own, a practice known as buying on margin. This can amplify profits if the stock price goes up, but it can also amplify losses if the stock price goes down.
Stocks Can Be Sold Short
Investors who believe a stock's price will fall can borrow shares and sell them, hoping to buy them back later at a lower price and pocket the difference. This is known as short selling. However, potential losses from short selling are theoretically unlimited, as there's no upper limit to how high a stock's price can go.

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