# How To Calculate Median Absolute Deviation In Excel

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Calculating the median absolute deviation (MAD) is a robust measure of statistical variability, often preferred over standard deviation due to its resistance to outliers. Excel users can perform this calculation, but it requires multiple steps, including median and absolute functions.

While Excel is a common tool for this task, the process can be cumbersome and error-prone. This guide will clearly explain how to calculate MAD in Excel and also introduce Sourcetable as a more efficient alternative for such calculations.

## Calculate Median Absolute Deviation in Excel

To measure the spread of values in a dataset, the Median Absolute Deviation (MAD) is a robust statistical tool. Unlike Mean Absolute Deviation calculated by the AVEDEV() function, MAD is less influenced by outliers. In Excel, there is no direct function for MAD, but it can be computed using a formula based on medians.

### Steps to Compute MAD

First, find the median of the dataset, denoted as xm. Second, calculate the absolute differences between each dataset value (xi) and the median (xm). Finally, compute the median of these absolute differences. The resulting value is the MAD of the dataset.

### Excel Formula for MAD

To calculate MAD in Excel, use the following array formula: =MEDIAN(ABS(range-MEDIAN(range))), where "range" is the cell range of your dataset. This formula must be entered as an array formula by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Enter.

### Example of MAD Calculation in Excel

Assume your data is in cells A1 to A10. To find the MAD, enter =MEDIAN(ABS(A1:A10-MEDIAN(A1:A10))) into a new cell. Confirm this formula as an array formula with Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Excel will enclose the formula in curly braces and return the MAD for your dataset.

## Common Use Cases

• Identifying outliers in a dataset of real estate prices

• Comparing variability in test scores between different classrooms

• Assessing the consistency of delivery times for a logistics company

• Evaluating the stability of financial portfolio returns

• Monitoring the quality control of manufacturing processes through deviation in product weights

## Excel vs. Sourcetable: A Comparative Insight

Excel, a stalwart in data management, and Sourcetable, a modern spreadsheet tool, offer unique features for data analysis. Discover the core differences that set them apart.

Excel shines in versatility, widely adopted for various data tasks. However, Sourcetable streamlines data collection, integrating multiple sources within a single interface.

While Excel relies on user proficiency for formula creation, Sourcetable's AI copilot assists in formula generation, enhancing productivity and reducing errors.

Sourcetable's chat-based template creation contrasts with Excel's manual approach, offering a simplified experience for users seeking efficiency and ease of use.

Choose Sourcetable for integrated data management and AI-driven assistance, or opt for Excel's classic, robust functionality for traditional data tasks.

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